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COVID-19: Yadda Ake hana Coronavirus

Abincin Keto na Musamman

Coronaviruses, da aka taƙaice Cov, babban rukuni ne na ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda zasu iya cutar da dabbobi da mutane. A cikin mutane, suna iya samar da nau'o'in cututtukan numfashi, daga sanyi na yau da kullun zuwa tsananin ciwon huhu (huhun huhu). Yawancin waɗannan ƙwayoyin cuta ba sa aiki kuma suna da jiyya. Ko da ma, mafi yawan mutane sun kamu da wani nau'in kwayar cuta a rayuwarsu, galibi a lokacin yarintarsu. Kodayake sun fi yawa a lokutan sanyi, kamar kaka da hunturu, zaka iya kamasu a kowane lokaci na shekara. Sunaye na Coronaviruses don rawanin kamannin kamanni a saman su. Coronaviruses suna da manyan rukuni guda 4 da aka sani da alpha, beta, gamma, da Delta.

Manyan Yan Adam na Zamani

  • 229E (alfa coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (beta kwaronavirus)
  • HKU1 (beta kwayar cutar)

Cutar barkewar Coronavirus

A cikin shekaru ashirin da suka gabata, coronavirus ya haifar da barkewar annoba guda uku waɗanda suka hada da:

  • SARS (Cutar Ciwon mara mai Rauni): Wata cuta ce ta numfashi wacce ta fara a kasar Sin a cikin 2002 sannan daga baya ta bazu cikin duniya, ta shafi mutane 8000 da kuma haddasa mutuwar mutane 700. Babu wani lamunin SARS-CoV da aka yiwa rajista tun shekara ta 2004.
  • MERS (Cutar Tsakiyar Tsakiyar Miyata ta Tsakiya): Bayanin MERS-CoV na farko an tattara shi a cikin Saudi Arabia a cikin 2012, wanda ya haifar da shari'o'i 2400 da mutuwar 800. Shari’ar karshe ta faru ne a watan Satumba na shekarar 2019.
  • COVID-19 (Cutar cutar Coronavirus 2019): An bayyana karar farko a kasar Sin a karshen shekarar 2019. A halin yanzu, an samu rahoton mutane 117,000 kuma sun yi rajistar mutuwar mutane 4257. Kungiyar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) da Ikon Cutar Cututtuka (CDC) suna kafa tsauraran ka'idojin aminci da kamfen.

Covid-19

COVID-19 noro coronavirus cuta ne na numfashi wanda ya kama daga sauƙin sanyi na yau da kullun zuwa cutar huhu da ke barazanar rayuwa. An fara gano shi a Wuhan, China a watan Disamba na shekarar 2019 a cikin barkewar cutar kuma ya bazu ko'ina cikin duniya. Cutar Cutar Kwalara

Ana tsammanin asalin wannan coronavirus ya fito ne daga asalin dabba. Wasu bincike sun nuna cewa ta samo asali ne daga maciji, yayin da wasu suke cewa ya samo asali ne daga jemagu. Kowace hanya, an watsa ta ga mutane. 'Yan Adam na iya yada kwayar cutar ga wasu ta hanyar kwararawar numfashi (tari da hancin) a cikin nisan mil 6. Hakanan zaka iya kamuwa idan ka taɓa saman da aka gurɓata ta da ruwa mai ciki na mutumin da ya kamu da cutar (yau, fitar hanci, da sauransu).

Alamun

Cutar cuta ce mai saurin kamuwa da cuta wacce ke haifar da alamomin kamar haka: zazzabi, tari, hanji, fitar hanci, ciwon kai, gajiya, rashin jin daɗi gaba ɗaya da wahalar numfashi. Kwayar cutar za ta iya zama mai sauƙi, matsakaici, ko mai tsanani. Idan ba a kula da shi yadda yakamata ba, zai iya haifar da matsanancin ciwo, rashin nasara na cikin haɓaka, da mutuwa.

 

Yin rigakafin Coronavirus

Har ya zuwa yau, ba a ƙirƙiri wani rigakafi don hana COVID-19 ba. Hanya mafi kyau don hana cutar ita ce kauracewa kamuwa da cutar. Kalli wannan bidiyon mai mahimmanci don ƙarin koyo game da yadda zaku iya guje wa haɗari yayin cutar ƙwayar cuta.

COVID-19 Rigakafin

Baya ga kallon bidiyon, tabbatar an bi waɗannan jagororin daga CDC. CDC ta ba da shawarar waɗannan matakan tsaro na yau da kullun don hana yaduwar wannan cuta:

  1. Fada kusa da marasa lafiya.
  2. Guji taɓa idanunku, hanci, da bakinku.
  3. Zauna a gida idan ba ku da lafiya kuma ku yi amfani da abin rufe fuska don hana yaduwa ga wasu.
  4. Rufe hanci da bakinka da wani abu da za'a iya zubar dashi yayin tari ko rudewa sannan a jefa cikin sharan. Kuna iya rufe bakinku tare da gwiwar hannu idan baku da mai sa hanu.
  5. Wanke hannuwanku koyaushe da ruwa da sabulu na akalla aƙalla 20, musamman bayan zuwa gidan wanka, kafin cin abinci, da kuma bayan tari ko hancin. Idan baku da ruwa da sabulu a wannan lokacin, zaku iya amfani da tsabtace hannu wanda shine aƙalla kashi 60% na giya. Dole ne koyaushe wanke hannuwanku idan suna da datti.
  6. A tsaftace kuma share abubuwa da saman da aka taɓa kwanannan. Kuna iya amfani da maganin kashe kwari ko tawul tare da ruwa da sabulu.
  7. Kungiyoyin lafiya sun ba da shawarar gujewa tafiye-tafiye marasa mahimmanci zuwa China ko Koriya ta Kudu.
  8. Idan kun yi tafiya zuwa kowace ƙasa kuma ana iya kamuwa da shi ga wanda ya kamu da cutar, dole ne a kimanta ku a cikin kwanaki 14 masu zuwa idan wani alamun ya fara bayyana.
  9. Kasance cikin nutsuwa kuma ka yi kokarin bin ka'idodin don rage haɗarin kamuwa da cuta.

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